School of Architecture, Design & Planning -
Primary office:


Academic Areas

  • Architecture

Research Interests:

The relationship between architecture, art and science; intellectual biography; the history of urban form; functionalist theory and aesthetics; urban design

Courses Currently Taught

  • Arch. 200 Architectural Design I (6)
  • Arch 401 Architectural Design VI (6)
  • Arch 600 The Language of Modern Architecture
  • Arch 665 History of Urban Design
  • Arch 705 Graduate Design Studio in Berlin (6)


  • B.Arch., Michigan, 1965
  • M.Arch., Pratt Institute, 1966
  • Landscape Architecture, UC Berkley, 1966-67
  • Ph.D., Washington, 1973

Fellowships and Grants:

  • American Fulbright Commission
  • National Endowment for the Arts
  • National Endowment for the Humanities
  • U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development
  • Hall Center for the Humanities


  • National Endowment for the Arts
  • Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture
  • American Institute of Architects (Kansas City Chapter)
  • Danish International Studies Program
  • School of Architecture & Urban Design (Bradley Award)

Books & Monographs

  • Christopher Alexander: The Search for a New Paradigm in Architecture
  • Architectural Education: Where We Are (co-author)
  • Architecture and the Future (co-author)

Selected Articles:

Going After the Avant-Garde: Architectural Aesthetics and the Spirit of Advertising,” The Structurist, 45/46; “Towards an Aesthetics of Function,” The Structurist, 39/40; “The Role of Memory in the Perception of Architecture: Reading the Trenton Bath House from Auschwitz,” The Structurist, 37/38; Organic and Mechanical Form Principles,” The Structurist, 35/36; From Goethe to Chaos: Creativity in Morphic Analogues,” The Structurist, 33/34; “Frozen Music: The Bridge between Art and Science,” Companion to Contemporary Architectural Thought; “Sailboat and Sonatas,” Art & Academe; “The Science of Design,” ReVision Journal; Frank Lloyd Wright and the American City, AIP Journal; “The Hidden Structure of Children’s Play in an Urban Environment,” The Behavioral Basis of Design; “The Outsider in Retrospect: E.A. Gutkind, AIP Journal; “Foundations for a Radical Concept of Planning,” AIP Journal

Arc/D Calendar of Events

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