Mahbub Rashid, PhD

School of Architecture, Design & Planning - Architecture
Interim Dean
Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies, School of Architecture & DesignDirector, MA & PhD Programs in Architecture
Professor
Primary office:
785-864-3114
Marvin Hall
Room 200 B
University of Kansas
1465 Jayhawk Blvd
Lawrence, KS 66045
Second office:
Marvin Hall



Summary

Mahbub Rashid is a Professor in the School of Architecture, Design, and Urban Planning at the University of Kanas. Presently, he serves as the Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies of the school, and as the Director of the MA and PhD Programs in Architecture. With a Masters from MIT and a PhD from Georgia Tech, Dr. Rashid is an expert in theories and methods of architectural research with a focus on the structures of built form and space. He uses innovative spatial and social network, fractal, and statistical analysis along with more traditional research methods and methodologies to study the effects of built form and space on human behavior, psychology, society and culture in office, healthcare, and urban environments.

Dr. Rashid is also a nationally known expert on intensive care unit (ICU) design and evidence-based healthcare design. With his colleagues at the University of Kansas, the Georgia Institute of Technology, and the University of Michigan, Dr. Rashid has worked on several research projects worth over $3m. The sponsors of his research projects include, among others, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the General Services Administration (GSA), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), Steelcase, Herman Miller, the University of Kansas Medical Center, the MD Anderson Cancer Hospital, the Texas Tech University, and the Greenville Memorial Hospital. Registered as an architect in Georgia, USA, Dr. Rashid also works as an architectural consultant for reputable architectural design firms.

Dr. Rashid has over 80 major and minor publications. His major publications include over 50 peer-reviewed articles (about 40 of them as the sole and/or main author) in journals such as Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, Current Opinion in Critical Care, Ekistics, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Environment and Behavior, Facilities, Geoforum, Health Environments Research & Design Journal, International Journal of Architectural Computing, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Journal of Architecture and Planning Research (JAPR), Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Journal of Healthcare Engineering, Journal of Architecture, Journal of Corporate Real Estate, and Urban Design International. He has also made over 60 presentations in national and international peer-reviewed conferences, and another 30 invited presentations. Dr. Rashid’s publications have been cited over thousand times by others in scholarly publications. His recent book The Geometry of Urban Layouts, published by Springer Science, compares more than one hundred cities around the world using rigorously defined metrics for such important urban qualities as accessibility, complexity, continuity, compactness, and granularity.

Research Interests

  • Environmental Behavior
  • Environmental Psychology
  • Workplace Psychology and Behavior
  • Healthcare Design & Research
  • Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
  • Space Syntax
  • Urban Design
  • Planning and Morphology
  • Global Cities
  • Theories and Methods of Architectural Resear

Selected Publications

Rashid, M. (2016). The Geometry of Urban Layouts: A Global Comparative Study , Springer International Publishing. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-30750-3

Rashid, M. Khan, N. & Jones, B. (2016). Physical and Visual Accessibilities in Intensive Care Units: A Comparative Study of Open-Plan and Racetrack Units. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 39(4), 313-334. DOI:10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000126

Alobaydi, D. & Rashid, M. (2015). Evolving syntactic structures of Baghdad: Introducing ‘transect’ as a way to study morphological evolution. In Proceedings of the 10th International Space Syntax Conference (pp. 40:1-40:14). University College London, London.

Duncan, M. J., Short, C. Rashid, M. Cutumisu, N. Vandelanotte, C. & Plotnikoff, R. C. (2015). Identifying correlates of breaks in occupational sitting: a cross-sectional study. Building Research & Information. DOI:10.1080/09613218.2015.1045712

Rashid, M. (2015). Research Studies on Nursing Unit Layouts: An Integrative Review. Facilities, 33(9/10), 631-695. DOI://dx.doi.org/10.1108/F-01-2014-0009

Rashid, M. & Alobaydi, D. (2015). Territory, politics of power, and physical spatial networks: The case of Baghdad, Iraq. Habitat International, 50, 180-194. DOI://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.08.031

Shateh, H. & Rashid, M. (2014). The Relationship between the Governmental and Syntactic Core: The Case of Tripoli, Libya. In 7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design, ASCAAD 2014, Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014 (pp. 415-427). Jeddah, KSA.

Rashid, M. Boyle, D. & Crosser, M. (2014). Developing Nurse and Physician Questionnaires to Assess Primary Work Areas in Intensive Care Units. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 37(1), 3-32.

Rashid, M. (2014). Space Allocation in the Award-Winning Adult ICUs of the Last Two Decades (1993-2012): An Exploratory Study. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 7(2), 29-56.

Rashid, M. Boyle, D. & Crosser, M. (2014). Space and Interaction-Related Behaviors in Adult Intensive Care Units. Behavioral Sciences, 4(4), 487-510. DOI:10.3390/bs4040487

Rashid, M. & Bindajam, A. (2014). Space, movement, and heritage planning of the historic cities in Islamic societies: Learning from the Old City of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Urban Design International, 1-23. DOI:10.1057/udi.2014.6

Rashid, M. (2014). Two Decades (1993-2012) of Adult Intensive Care Unit Design: A Comparative Study of the Physical Design Features of the Best-Practice Examples. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 37(1), 3-32. DOI:10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000002

Rashid, M. (2013). Design of Adult Intensive Care Units. In F. Zilm (Ed.), Systems and Components of Healthcare Facilities: A Guidebook. Kansas City, MO: Frank Zillm and Associates.

Rashid, M. Zimring, C. & Samuels, O. (2013). Designing the Neurointensive Care Unit for Better Patient Care. In P. LeRoux, J. Levine, & W. Andrew Kofke (Eds.), Monitoring in Neurocritical Care (pp. 15-26). Elsevier.

Rashid, M. Boyle, D. & Crosser, M. (2013). Developing Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Nurse and Physician Questionnaires to Assess the Design of ICUs as Work Environments. In A. Joseph & U. Nanda (Eds.), Development of Tools for Healthcare Environments Research and Practice. Environmental Design Research Association.

Rashid, M. (2013). A Study of the Effects of Colocation on Office Workers’ Perception. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 15(2), 98-116. DOI:10.1108/JCRE-07-2012-0015

Duncan, M. J., Rashid, M. Cutumisu, N. Vandelanotte, C. & Plotnikoff, R. (2013). Development and reliability testing of a self-report instrument to measure the office environment as a correlate of occupational sitting. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10(16).

Rashid, M. (2013). The Question of Knowledge in Evidence-Based Design for Health Care Facilities: Limitations and Suggestions. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 6(4), 101-126.

Duncan, M. J., Vandelanotte, C. Rashid, M. Cutumisu, N. & Plotnikoff, R. (2012). Individual, psychological and environmental correlates of office based occupational sitting in the 10,000 Steps cohort. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport , 15(1), S195. DOI:10.1016/j.jsams.2012.11.478

Rashid, M. (2012). The Relationship Between Geometry And Numeric Ratio As An Open Problem In Ledoux's Architecture: A Study of The Floor Plans Of The Barrières Of Paris. (pp. 307-136). School of Architecture, Design, & Planning, University of Kansas.

Rashid, M. Spreckelmeyer, K. & Angrisano, N. (2012). Green Buildings, Environmental Awareness, and Organizational Image. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 14(1), 21-49. DOI:10.1108/14630011211231428

Rashid, M. (2012). On Space Syntax as a Configurational Theory of Architecture from a Situated Observer's Viewpoint. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 39, 732-754. DOI:10.1068/b37071

Rashid, M. (2012). Shape-sensitive configurational descriptions of building plans. International Journal of Architectural Computing, 10(1), 33-52.

Rashid, M. (2012). Technology and the Future of ICU Design. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 34(4), 332-360. DOI:10.1097/CNQ.0b013e31822ba782

Rashid, M. & Shateh, H. (2012). The Dialectics of Functional and Historical Morphology in the Evolution of a City: The Case of the Stone Town of Zanzibar. Journal of Architecture, 17(6), 889-924. DOI:10.1080/13602365.2012.746009

Bindajam, A. & Rashid, M. (2012). Spatial types in traditional Hejazi houses: Comparing floor units from different Harrah in the historical district Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. In Proceedings of the 6th International Seminar for Vernacular Settlements: Contemporary Vernaculars: Place, Processes and Manifestations (Vol. 1, pp. 275-290). Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, North Cyprus.

Rashid, M. (2011). Environmental Design for Patient Families in Intensive Care Units. In M. Chyu (Ed.), Advances in Critical Care Engineering (pp. 303-333). Multi‐Science Publishing.

Rashid, M. (2011). Mutual Visibility of Points in Building Plans. Journal of Architecture, 16(2), 231-266.

Pati, D. Rashid, M. & Zimring, C. (2010). Occupants’ Perception of Openness in Federal Courthouses. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 27(3), 257-269.

Rashid, M. (2010). [Review of the book Architecture and Narrative, Sophia Psarra]. The Journal of Architecture, 15(4), 543-49.

Shateh, H. & Rashid, M. (2010). The role of spatial configuration as privacy regulating mechanism in Tripoli region houses, Libya. In Proceedings of the 1st International Graduate Research Symposium, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, 15-16 October 2010 (pp. 287-294). Ankara, Turkey.

Rashid, M. (2010). Environmental Design for Patient Families in Intensive Care Units. Journal of Healthcare Engineering – Special issue on critical care and intensive care unit, 1(3), 367-397.

Rashid, M. Wineman, J. & Zimring, C. (2009). Space, Behavior, and Environmental Perception in Open Plan Offices: A Prospective Study. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 36, 432-449. DOI:10.1068/b33034

Rashid, M. (2009). [Review of the book The Code of the City, Eran Ben Joseph]. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 26(2), 177-78.

Rashid, M. (2009). Face-to-Face Interaction among Clinicians and Hospital Design: A Theoretical Model. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 2(3), 62-84.

Rashid, M. (2009). The Effects of Physical Design on Users’ Behavior and Perception in University Classrooms: A Pilot Study. In Proceedings of the EDRA 40 Conference (pp. 28-31). Kansas City, MO.

Rashid, M. & Zimring, C. (2008). A Review of the Empirical Literature on the Relationships between Indoor Environment and Stress in Healthcare and Office Settings: Problems and Prospects of Sharing Evidence. Environment and Behavior, 40(3), 151-190. DOI:10.1177/0013916507311550

Peponis, J. Bafna, S. Bajaj, R. Bromberg, J. Congdon, C. Rashid, M. Warmels, S. Zhang, Y. & Zimring, C. (2007). Designing Space to Support Knowledge Work. Environment and Behavior, 39(6), 815-840.

Rashid, M. (2007). Developing Scales to Evaluate Staff Perception of the Effects of the Physical Environment on Patient Comfort, Patient Safety, Patient Privacy, Family Integration with Patient Care, and Staff Working Condition in Adult Intensive Care Units: A Pilot Study. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 30(3), 269-281.

Joseph, A. & Rashid, M. (2007). The Architecture of Safety: Hospital Design. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 19, 714-719.

Rashid, M. (2007). The Relationship Between Geometry And Numeric Ratio As An Open Problem In Ledoux's Architecture: A Study of The Floor Plans Of The Barrières Of Paris. The Journal of Architecture, 12(3), 281-313.

Rashid, M. Craig, D. Zimring, C. & Thitisawat, M. (2006). Sedentary and Fleeting Activities and Their Spatial Correlates in Offices. In Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA). Atlanta, GA.

Rashid, M. (2006). A Decade of Adult Intensive Care Unit Design: A Study of the Physical Design Features of the Best-Practice Examples. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 29(4), 282-311.

Rashid, M. Kampschroer, K. Wineman, J. & Zimring, C. (2006). Spatial layout and face-to-face interaction in offices – A Study of the Mechanisms of Spatial Effects on Face-to-face Interaction. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 33, 825–844.

Rashid, M. & Zimring, C. (2005). On Psychosocial Constructs and Office Settings: A Review of the Empirical Literature. In Proceedings of the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA) 36 Conference. Vancouver, Canada.

Rashid, M. Zimring, C. Wineman, J. Flaningam, T. Nubani, L. & Hammash, R. (2005). The Effects of Spatial behaviors and Layout Attributes on Individuals' Perception of Psychosocial Constructs in Offices. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Space Syntax Conference. Delft, Netherlands.

Zimring, C. Rashid, M. & Kampschroer, K. (2005). Facility Performance Evaluation. The Whole Building Design Guide National Institute of Building Sciences, Washington, DC. http://www.wbdg.org/resources/fpe.php

Rashid, M. & Zimring, C. (2003). Organizational Constructs and the Structure of Space: A Comparative Study of Office Layouts. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Space Syntax Conference (pp. 43.1-43.20). University College London, London.

Rashid, M. (1999). From Line to Square: Notes on the "Architecture" of Architecture. In Proceedings of the Second International Space Syntax Conference. University of Brasilia, Brasilia.

Peponis, J. Wineman, J. Rashid, M. Bafna, S. & Kim, S. H. (1998). Describing Plan Configuration According to the Covisibility of Surfaces. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 25, 693-708.

Peponis, J. Wineman, J. Bafna, S. Rashid, M. & Kim, S. H. (1998). On the Generation of Linear Representations of Spatial Configuration. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 25, 559-576.

Rashid, M. (1998). Reconstituting Traditional Urban Values: The Role of the Boundary in Contemporary Cities. Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review, 9(2), 37-49.

Peponis, J. Wineman, J. Rashid, M. Bafna, S. & Kim, S. H. (1997). On the Description of Shape and Spatial Configuration Inside Buildings: Convex Partitions and Their Local Properties. In Proceedings of the First International Space Syntax Conference. (Vol. 1). University College London.

Peponis, J. Wineman, J. Rashid, M. Bafna, S. & Kim, S. H. (1997). On the Generation of Linear Representations of Spatial Configuration. In Proceedings of the First International Space Syntax Conference (Vol. 3, pp. 41.01-41.18). University College London.

Rashid, M. (1997). Revisiting John Portman's Peachtree Center Complex in Atlanta. In Proceedings of the First International Space Syntax Conference (Vol. 1, pp. 17.1-17.19). University College London.

Peponis, J. Wineman, J. Rashid, M. Bafna, S. & Kim, S. H. (1997). On the Description of Shape and Spatial Configuration Inside Buildings: Convex Partitions and Their Local Properties. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 24, 761-781.

Peponis, J. Ross, C. & Rashid, M. (1997). The Structure of Urban Space, Movement, and Copresence: The Case of Atlanta. Geoforum, 28(3-4), 341-358.

Peponis, J. Wineman, J. Rashid, M. Kim, S. H., & Bafna, S. (1997). Spatialist–a software program for spatial analysis. Licensed by the Georgia Tech Research Corporation.

Rashid, M. (1996). The Plan is the Program: Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the Rectilinear Survey of 1784. In Proceedings of the 84th ACSA Annual Meeting and Technology Conference. Boston .

Peponis, J. Ross, C. Rashid, M. Kim, S. H., Varela, G. & Sentosa, L. (1996). Regularity and change in urban space: A syntactic analysis of movement and co-presence in Atlanta. Ekistics, 63(376/377/378), 4-16.

Rashid, M. (1996). The Boundary as a Critical Tool in the Late Twentieth Century Cities of the United States. Traditional Dwellings and Settlements, Working Paper Series, 80, 44-67.

Rashid, M. (1996). Architecture and urban form: sustainability and ethical structure. Earth: A Tri-annual Journal on Environment, Architecture, Research, Technology, and Human Settlement - Special Issue on Sustainable Human Settlement Development, 7, 202-203.

Rashid, M. (1992). Learning from Painam Nagar. Bangladesh Quarterly: A Journal Published by the Department of Films and Publications, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 12(3), 58-61.

Rashid, M. (1990). Sources of contemporary architecture of Bangladesh. In S. Alam Zahiruddin, et al. (Eds.), Contemporary Architecture of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Institute of Architects.

Rashid, M. (1990). The Hidden Dimensions: An Analysis of the Hindu Temple Complexes. Protibesh: The Journal of the Department of Architecture, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, 4(1), 63-79.

Academic Areas

  • Architecture

Education

  • Ph.D. Georgia Institute of Technology; 1998
  • M.S. Arch., Massachusetts Institute of Technology; 1993
  • B.Arch., Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology; 1989

Areas of Research Interests

  • Geometrical structures of built form and space
  • Behavior and psychology in workplaces with a focus on office environments
  • Behavior and psychology in healthcare environments with a focus on intensive care unit (ICU) design and evidence-based design
  • Movement and behavior in urban environments
  • Urban morphological history

Areas/topics of research of past and present MA/PhD students

  • Urban morphological history of cities
  • Group behavior in small-scale urban spaces
  • Space and movement in historic cities
  • Hospital design and patients’ experience and satisfaction
  • Staff perception and intensive care unit (ICU) design

Peer-reviewed Research Publications (Last Five Years)

1.    Rashid, M. (In Press). Research Studies on Nursing Unit Layouts: An Integrative Review. Facilities.

2.    Rashid M, Boyle D, & Crosser M (2014) Space and Interaction-Related Behaviors in Adult Intensive Care Units, Behavioral Sciences, 4(4), 487-510; doi:10.3390/bs4040487.

3.    Rashid M, Bindajam A (2014) Space, movement, and heritage planning of the historic cities in Islamic societies: Learning from the Old City of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, URBAN DESIGN International, 1–23. doi:10.1057/udi.2014.6

4.    Rashid, M. (2014). Space Allocation in the Award-Winning Adult ICUs of the Last Two Decades (1993-2012): An Exploratory Study. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 7(2), 29-56.

5.    Rashid, M., Boyle, D., & Crosser, M. (2014). Developing Nurse and Physician Questionnaires to Assess Primary Work Areas in Intensive Care Units. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 37(1), 3-32.

6.    Rashid, M. (2014). Two Decades (1993-2012) of Adult Intensive Care Unit Design: A Comparative Study of the Physical Design Features of the Best-Practice Examples.” Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 37(1), 3-32.

7.    Rashid, M. (2013). The Question of Knowledge in Evidence-Based Design for Health Care Facilities: Limitations and Suggestions. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 6(4), 101-126.

8.    Rashid, M. (2013). A Study of the Effects of Colocation on Office Workers’ Perception. Journal of Corporate Real Estate,15(2), 98-116.

9.    Rashid, M., Zimring, C., & Samuels, O.  (2013). Designing the Neurointensive Care Unit for Better Patient Care. In LeRoux, Levine, & Kofke (Eds.) Monitoring in Neurocritical Care, Elsevier, pp. 15-26.

10. Duncan, M. J., Rashid, M., Cutumisu, N., Vandelanotte, C., & Plotnikoff, R. (2013). Development and reliability testing of a self-report instrument to measure the office environment as a correlate of occupational sitting. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 10:16 http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/10/1/16

11. Peponis. J., Wineman, J., Rashid, M., Bafna, S., & Kim, S. H.  (2012). On the Description of Shape and Spatial Configuration Inside Buildings: Convex Partitions and Their Local Properties. In Thrift J, Barnes TJ, & Peck J (Eds.) Environment & Planning, Vol. A: Cities and Regions, Sage, London, pp. 371-396.

12. Rashid, M., & Shateh, H. (2012). The Dialectics of Functional and Historical Morphology in the Evolution of a City: The Case of the Stone Town of Zanzibar. Journal of Architecture. 17(6), 889-924.

13. Rashid, M. (2012). On Space Syntax as a Configurational Theory of Architecture from a Situated Observer's Viewpoint. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 39, 732-754.

14. Rashid, M., Spreckelmeyer, K., & Angrisano, N. (2012). Green Buildings, Environmental Awareness, and Organizational Image.” Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 14(1), 21-49.

15. Rashid, M. (2012). Shape-sensitive configurational descriptions of building plans. International Journal of Architectural Computing, 10(1), 33-52.

16. Rashid, M. (2011). Technology and the Future of ICU Design.” Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 34(4), 332-360.

17. Rashid, M. (2011). Environmental Design for Patient Families in Intensive Care Units.” In Ming Chyu (ed.) Advances in Critical Care Engineering, Multi-Science Publishing Co., pp. 303-333. [Note: Previously published in JHE 2010.]

18. Rashid, M. (2011). Mutual Visibility of Points in Building Plans. Journal of Architecture, 16(2), 231-266.

19. Pati, D., Rashid, M., & Zimring, C. (2010). Occupants’ Perception of Openness in Federal Courthouses. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 27(3), 257-269.

20. Rashid, M. (2010). Environmental Design for Patient Families in Intensive Care Units. Journal of Healthcare Engineering – Special issue on critical care and intensive care unit, 1(3), 367-397.

21. Rashid, M. (2009). Face-to-Face Interaction among Clinicians and Hospital Design: A Theoretical Model. Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 2 (3), 62-84.

22. Rashid, M., Wineman, J.,  & Zimring, C. (2009). Space, Behavior, and Environmental Perception in Open Plan Offices: A Prospective Study. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 36, 432-449 (doi:10.1068/b33034).

23. Rashid, M. (2009). The Effects of Physical Design on Users’ Behavior and Perception in University Classrooms: A Pilot Study. The Proceedings of the EDRA 40 Conference, 28-31 May, 2009, Kansas City, MO.


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